Chinook Salmon (‘King’ Salmon)

Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

Chinook Salmon (‘King’ Salmon)
Species

Salmon,Trout & Charr

Description

These native of the Pacific Ocean around western North America and north-eastern Asia (especially Japan) were introduced to Australia in the 1870s. Wild stocks are limited to Lake Purrumbete and Lake Bullen Merri in south-western Victoria.

They have however been farmed in sea cages in New Zealand’s Marlborough Sounds since the 1980’s and New Zealand is now the world’s major supplier of this species, marketing it as ‘King Salmon’. Freshwater-raised fish look similar to Rainbow Trout, but lack the orange patch on the gill cover and stripe along the side, the skin is silvery becoming spotted and olive green towards the top, while those raised in saltwater are more silvery blue, looking very similar to Atlantic Salmon but slightly paler with a smaller tail.

The Latin name derives from the Greek onkos ("hook") and rynchos ("nose"), referring to the hooked jaw males develop in the mating season to fight off competitors.

Other Names

Blackmouth, Black Salmon, Chub Salmon, Columbia River Salmon, Hamana, Hookbill Salmon, King Salmon, Pacific Salmon, Suinnat Salmon, Spring Salmon, Tyee Salmon, Winter Salmon.

Family

Salmonidae (Salmons).

Season

Available year round.

Size and Weight

In freshwater they grow to about 85cm and 8.5kg, though they can reach 150cm and 57kg. Commercially they are harvested at around 5kg.

Price

High priced.

Relations

Other Salmons (including Atlantic Salmon); Trouts (such as Rainbow and Brown Trouts); Char/Charr (such as Brook Trout, marketed as ‘Saltwater Charr’ in Australia).

To Buy

Sold whole (gilled and gutted), in cutlet, steak and fillet forms, fresh, smoked and cured as gravlax. Roe is also available. In whole fish look for lustrous skin with a slippery, mucilaginous coating, firm flesh, and a pleasant, fresh smell. In cutlets, steaks and fillets, look for orangey-pink, firm, lustrous, moist flesh without any brown markings or oozing water and with a pleasant fresh smell.

To Store

Make sure whole fish is scaled, gilled, gutted and cleaned thoroughly. Wrap whole fish, fillets, cutlets and steaks in plastic wrap or place in an airtight container. Refrigerate for up to 3 days or freeze for up to 3 months below -18ºC.

To Cook

Average yield is 78%. Has a rich, distinctive flavour, high oiliness and moist, medium-textured flesh with large flakes and fine pin bones, which are easily removed.

Saltwater-reared fish have a darker coloured flesh than that of Atlantic Salmon, with a higher oil content and slightly softer texture. The edible skin can be left on.

The centre bone of cutlets can be removed and a filling placed in the cavity. Score whole fish at the thickest part of the flesh, and cut thick fillets into serving-size portions, to allow even heat penetration. It can be served hot or cold.

Cooking Methods

Steam, poach, pan-fry, stir-fry, bake, braise, grill, barbecue, smoke, raw (sashimi), pickle. An attractive fish cooked whole. Flesh has good gelling characteristics and works well in mousseline or minced for fish cakes and fish balls.

The firm flesh holds together well in soups, curries and casseroles and can be cubed for kebabs. It is ideal served rare.

Goes Well With

Bitter and peppery greens (endive, radicchio, rocket, watercress), butter, capsicum, citrus, curries (especially Thai-style red curry), English spinach, garlic, mayonnaise, olives, pasta, sorrel, vinegar, wine (red and white).

Alternatives

Atlantic Salmon, Sea-reared Rainbow Trout (‘Ocean Trout’), Swordfish, Trout, Tuna, Yellowtail Kingfish.

Imports

Imported chilled from New Zealand. Smoked Salmon (from various species) is imported from Europe and North America.

Recipes

Char-grilled Fish Kebabs
Char-Grilled Salmon Kebabs & Vegetables with Lime Mayo
Fish Satay
Gravlax
Lemony Seafood Crêpes
Mixed Thin & Thick Sushi Rolls (Norimaki)
Salmon Scotch Eggs
Sashimi Salmon Salad
Seafood Pie with Leek, Garlic & Chives
Seafood Teppanyaki
Whole Poached Salmon with Cucumber Salad

Smoked Fish
Cold-smoked Salmon Cigars with Horseradish Cream
Cold-smoked Salmon with Dill Crème Fraîche
Cold-smoked Ocean Trout & Flatbread Rolls
Hot-smoked Salmon Frittata

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